Step-by-Step Guide to Data Masking

This feature is available in Enterprise Plan.
Estimated: 15 mins
Step-by-Step Guide to Data Masking

Bytebase Dynamic Data Masking can mask sensitive data in the query result based on the context on the fly. It helps organizations to protect sensitive data from being exposed to unauthorized users.

bb-masking-overview

This tutorial will teach you how to set up and try out data masking in Bytebase within 30 mins.

Prerequisites

Before starting, make sure you have installed Docker.

Preparation

  1. Make sure your Docker is running, and start the Bytebase Docker container with following command:

    docker run --rm --init \
      --name bytebase \
      --publish 8080:8080 --pull always \
      --volume ~/.bytebase/data:/var/opt/bytebase \
      bytebase/bytebase:2.21.0
  2. Bytebase is running successfully in Docker, and you can visit it via localhost:8080. Register an admin account and it will be granted the workspace admin role automatically.

  3. Go back to the Bytebase console, click Start free trial on the left bottom and upgrade to Enterprise plan.

  4. Click Instances, and click Assign License. Select both instances, and click Confirm. Without doing this, the enterprise plan required for data masking won't be enabled on instances.

No Masking

Login to Bytebase,click SQL Editor, you'll be redirected to SQL Editor page. Choose (Prod) employee > public > employee, and then run SELECT * FROM employee;, you'll see the following result. Run the same query against (Test) employee, the result is the same.

bb-sql-editor-query-employee-prod

bb-sql-editor-query-employee-test

Global Masking Rule

You may want to batch apply masking settings, for example, you want to mask all the birth_date columns in all the tables in the employee database. You can use Global Masking Rule to achieve this.

  1. Click the Setting icon on the top right. Click Security & Policy > Data Masking. Click Global Masking Rule and then Add rule.

  2. Name the rule as birth_date should be masked, and select Column name, ==. Fill birth_date in the input box, and click Confirm.

    bb-data-masking-global-birth-date

  3. Go back to the SQL Editor page, Choose (Prod) employee > public > employee and run SELECT * FROM employee; again. You'll see the birth_date is masked. Choose (Test) employee, the result is the same.

    bb-sql-editor-query-employee-prod-masked bb-sql-editor-query-employee-test-masked

Export data with masked columns

Exported data is masked in the same way as query results.

  1. Stay on the SQL Editor after querying, and click Export.

    bb-sql-editor-export

  2. Fill in the export rows number, choose the format and click Confirm. The file will start downloading.

    bb-sql-editor-export-data

  3. Open the downloaded file, you'll see the birth_date is masked.

    bb-sql-editor-exported-data

Column Masking Rule

If you want to mask a specific column in a specific table, you can use Column Masking Rule.

  1. Click Databases and choose employee on Prod, and select salary table.

  2. Click the edit(pen) icon on the amount row, and click Full.

    bb-database-table-amount

  3. Go back to the SQL Editor page, Choose (Prod) employee > public > salary and run SELECT * FROM salary; again. You'll see the amount is masked. Choose (Test) employee, it's not.

    bb-sql-editor-query-salary-prod-masked bb-sql-editor-query-salary-test

Grant unmasked access to a user

What if you want to reveal the masked data to a specific user? You can grant unmasked access.

  1. Click Settings icon on the top right, and click Members. Add a DBA user and click + Add. Click its link in the Active members section, click Edit to set a password, click Save.

  2. Click Databases and choose employee on Prod, and select salary table.

  3. Click the edit(pen) icon on the amount row, and click Grant Access. Select the DBA user, and click Confirm.

    bb-database-table-amount-grant-access

  4. Login as the DBA user, go to SQL Editor, choose (Prod)Employee > public > salary and run SELECT * FROM salary; again. You'll see the amount is not masked.

    bb-sql-editor-query-salary-prod-not-masked

Summary

You can now mask data in Bytebase using two methods: use Global Masking Rule to batch apply masking settings, and use Column Masking Rule to mask a specific column in a specific table. You can also grant access to a specific user to reveal the masked data.

If you have any questions, please join our discord.

Edit this page on GitHub

Subscribe toย Newsletter

By subscribing, you agree with Bytebase's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.