Deploy to Kubernetes

This document guides you to deploy Bytebase docker image to Kubernetes.

Prerequisites

Before starting, make sure you are familiar with Docker and Kubernetes.

Deploy to Kubernetes

Here is a sample Kubernetes YAML file bb.yaml describing the minimal components and configuration required to run Bytebase in Kubernetes.

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: bytebase
  namespace: default
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bytebase
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: bytebase
    spec:
      containers:
        - name: bytebase
          image: bytebase/bytebase:1.9.0
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          args:
            [
              "--data",
              "/var/opt/bytebase",
              "--external-url",
              "https://bytebase.example.com",
              "--port",
              "8080",
              "--pg",
              "postgresql://user:secret@host:port/dbname",
            ]
          ports:
            - containerPort: 8080
          volumeMounts:
            - name: data
              mountPath: /var/opt/bytebase
          livenessProbe:
            httpGet:
              path: /healthz
              port: 8080
            initialDelaySeconds: 300
            periodSeconds: 300
            timeoutSeconds: 60
      volumes:
        - name: data
          emptyDir: {}
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: bytebase-entrypoint
  namespace: default
spec:
  type: LoadBalancer
  selector:
    app: bytebase
  ports:
    - protocol: TCP
      port: 8080
      targetPort: 8080
  1. Start Bytebase with the following command:

    kubectl apply -f bb.yaml
    

    then you should see output that looks like the following:

    deployment.apps/bytebase created
    service/bytebase-entrypoint created
    
  2. Make sure everything worked by listing your deployments:

    kubectl get deployments
    

    if all is well, your deployment should be listed as follows:

    NAME       READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
    bytebase   1/1     1            1           10s
    

    Do the same check for your services:

    kubectl get services
    

    if all is well too, you should see output that looks like the following:

    NAME                  TYPE           CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)          AGE
    bytebase-entrypoint   LoadBalancer   10.100.36.246   localhost     8080:30254/TCP   72s
    kubernetes            ClusterIP      10.96.0.1       <none>        443/TCP          9d
    
  3. Open a browser and visit localhost:8080, you should see Bytebase.

Upgrade

When a new Bytebase release is published, you can change the image version in the yaml file

      containers:
        - name: bytebase
          image: bytebase/bytebase:1.9.0

Sometimes we need to update the image to the latest digest without changing the image name and version. Or you may want to trigger a restart of all the Bytebase pods without changing the yaml.

In this case, you can run this command:

kubectl rollout restart deployment/bytebase

Kubernetes will rolling restart the pods of the deployment. Because we set imagePullPolicy: Always, the new pods will always use the latest image digest.

Deploy to Kubernetes with Helm

Production Setup External URL

!

For production setup, you should configure a proper --external-url.

Installing the Chart

helm -n <YOUR_NAMESPACE> \
--set "bytebase.option.port"={PORT} \
--set "bytebase.option.external-url"={EXTERNAL_URL} \
--set "bytebase.option.pg"={PGDSN} \
--set "bytebase.version"={VERSION} \
install <RELEASE_NAME> bytebase-repo/bytebase

For example:

helm -n bytebase \
--set "bytebase.option.port"=443 \
--set "bytebase.option.external-url"="https://bytebase.example.com" \
--set "bytebase.option.pg"="postgresql://user:secret@foo.ap-east-1.rds.amazonaws.com/postgres" \
--set "bytebase.version"=1.7.0 \
install bytebase-release bytebase-repo/bytebase

Uninstalling the Chart

helm delete --namespace <YOUR_NAMESPACE> <RELEASE_NAME>

Upgrade Bytebase Version/Configuration

Use helm upgrade command to upgrade the bytebase version or configuration.

helm -n <YOUR_NAMESPACE> \
--set "bytebase.option.port"={NEW_PORT} \
--set "bytebase.option.external-url"={NEW_EXTERNAL_URL} \
--set "bytebase.option.pg"={NEW_PGDSN} \
--set "bytebase.version"={NEW_VERSION} \
upgrade bytebase-release bytebase-repo/bytebase

Persistent Volume

To keep data persistence in production, you need to use the Persistent Volumes in the cluster. Each cloud provider has its own solution.

For Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service(EKS)

In AWS EKS, you can use the Amazon EBS CSI driver for persistent volumes. Follow the managing EBS CSI to add it as an Amazon EKS add-on.

For Google Kubernetes Engine(GKE)

Please follow the Persistent volumes and dynamic provisioning.